- 14 Settembre 2023
- Posted by: treninocattolica
The Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015, bringing together countries around the world to address climate change. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) organized the negotiations that led to the agreement. The Paris Agreement represents a major global effort to prevent global warming from reaching dangerous levels.
The Paris Agreement has two main goals:
1. To keep global warming well below 2°C (3.6°F) above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C (2.7°F).
2. To strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the effects of climate change, by providing financial and technological support to developing countries.
The Paris Agreement is a legally binding agreement under international law, but it allows countries to determine their own targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Each country’s targets, known as “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs), are reviewed every five years, and countries are expected to improve their targets over time.
One of the key achievements of the Paris Agreement was getting countries to agree that climate change was a global problem that required global action. The agreement has been ratified by 189 countries, including the United States (until 2020), China, India, and most of the world’s major emitters.
The Paris Agreement has also created a framework for international cooperation on climate change. It established a system for transparency and accountability, which means that countries are required to report their progress on reducing emissions and adapting to climate change. It also created a mechanism to help developing countries access funding and technology to tackle climate change.
The Paris Agreement is not perfect, and there are many challenges ahead. The targets set by countries are not currently enough to keep global warming below 2°C, let alone 1.5°C. There is also a need for greater international cooperation on issues such as climate finance and adaptation.
However, the Paris Agreement represents an important step forward in the fight against climate change. It has created a global consensus on the need for action, and has established a framework for international cooperation. As we move forward, it will be important to continue to build on this progress and work together to address this critical issue.